Food Allergens

food allergens

Food allergies can occur at any age, although they are most prevalent in children. Many youngsters outgrow their food allergies as they grow older. According to the ASCIA, food allergies affect 10% of infants, 4-8% of children, and 2-4% of adults in Australia. It is essential to be aware of your food allergies and to read food labels thoroughly to avoid consuming any allergens. Also, if you have a severe food allergy, keep self-injectable epinephrine on hand in an emergency. But what exactly are food allergens? What Are Food Allergens? Food allergens are specific proteins or protein fragments found in certain foods that can cause an allergic reaction in some people. When people with food allergies eat or are exposed to an allergen, their immune system mistakenly thinks it is harmful and launches an immune response, causing symptoms such as hives, itching, and, in severe cases, anaphylaxis. The most prevalent food allergens include: Peanuts Tree nuts Fish Crustaceans Milk Eggs Wheat Soy and sesame However, many other foods can cause allergies, including fruits, vegetables, and spices. It is crucial to remember that food allergy symptoms vary from person to person and might alter over time. But do you know what to do if someone in your care has a severe food allergy? Taking first aid training from a nationally recognised provider is the best way to be ready to help someone in an emergency where they have severe food allergies. When delivering first aid to someone with a severe food allergy, it is crucial to recognise the symptoms and react appropriately. The ability to save a life in a crisis depends on having the appropriate training and information. But for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment, you must see an allergist if you think you may have a food allergy. What Is The Difference Between Food Allergens And Food Allergies? The difference between food allergens and food allergies is described below: Food Allergen Food Allergy A food allergen is a protein or protein fragment found in food that triggers an immune response A condition occurs when the immune system reacts to a food allergen, which can result in symptoms such as hives, itching, and anaphylaxis in more severe cases Examples include milk, peanuts, and shellfish Reactions of the immune system to food allergens, which can range from relatively moderate (such as hives or eczema) to life-threatening (such as anaphylaxis) Can be found in many different types of foods Varies from person to person and changes over time Can be found in many different types of foods Can differ from one individual to the next and evolve through time Food Allergen Policy In Australia (Allergen Labelling)  Australian food manufacturers take allergen labelling very seriously and adhere to food allergen labelling regulations. Australian Food & Grocery Council (AFGC) has collaborated closely with organisations such as Allergy & Anaphylaxis Australia and Coeliac Australia to provide useful information to assist customers in managing their specific dietary needs. The AFGC helped establish the Allergy Bureau in 2005 to assist the industry with allergen identification and labelling difficulties. Allergen Testing Food Industry Allergen testing in the food industry refers to determining the presence or absence of certain allergens in food. This is to ensure compliance with food labelling regulations, which require certain allergens such as peanuts, tree nuts, dairy, gluten and other common allergens to be listed on the label if present in the product. Allergen testing is available in Australia using various methods such as ELISA, PCR and others. These methods test for the presence of specific proteins associated with allergens. Allergen testing is important to ensure the safety of people with allergies and to prevent potential legal liability for food manufacturers and retailers. Let us understand these methods: Allergen Testing Methods/Food allergen detectors Description Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) It is a common tool for allergy testing in Australia’s food processing sector. This technique may detect trace amounts of allergens in food samples with high sensitivity and specificity. PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) This method can detect even minute amounts of food samples containing allergen DNA, allowing for the detection of typical allergy cross-contamination issues in the food business. Lateral Flow Device (LFD) LFD is a rapid diagnostic test for the identification of food allergies. This test functions similarly to pregnancy tests and can give results in as few minutes. LFD is a crucial tool for the food business due to its portability and ease of usage. RIDASCREEN It is an ELISA technology for detecting allergens in food samples. This technique, even trace amounts of allergens, can be detected with pinpoint accuracy because of the method’s extreme sensitivity. Mass spectrometry (MS) It is an analytical method that can detect and quantify allergens in food samples due to its high sensitivity and specificity. MS techniques include MALDI-TOF, LC-MS, and GC-MS. These techniques have been widely applied in Australia’s food business to detect allergens, guarantee allergic individuals’ safety, and shield producers, distributors, and retailers from potential lawsuits. Allergen Training Food Industry Training on allergens is essential for all workers in the food business, including those employed in food production, packaging, transportation, and retail sales. Training on allergens is required for all employees in Australia who handle food, including managers and supervisors, per the guidelines set forth by FSANZ. This training is considered a vital component of the allergen management plan. Allergen training for the food business often includes knowledge of the following topics: Acquiring an understanding of the various allergens that can cause reactions and the prevalent origins of those reactions Recognising the signs and symptoms of a reaction to allergens The process of identifying the possible allergens present in various food products The use of allergy management measures, such as segregating allergic substances from non-allergenic ingredients, utilising equipment specifically designed for the purpose, and following sanitation processes, are all examples. Acquiring an understanding of the significance of accurate labelling and effective allergy management Communicating with customers who are allergic to foods or other substances. Allergen Management

Food Intolerance, Diagnosis, And Treatment

food intolerance

Food intolerance is a digestive system reaction to a food or substance frequently mistaken for a food allergy. It is believed that approximately 15% of the developed world’s population suffers from food intolerance.  Food intolerance diagnosis can be difficult. It frequently requires exclusion or elimination diets, in which particular foods are removed from the diet and then reintroduced to evaluate how the body reacts.  Keeping a food diary helps you identify foods that cause food intolerance symptoms. Testing, such as blood tests or skin prick tests, may be required in some circumstances. Food intolerance treatment relies on avoiding the problematic food or substance. This can be problematic because food intolerances differ from person to person and are sometimes difficult to recognise.  People with food intolerance can find relief from their symptoms and enjoy a healthy and varied diet with the correct diagnosis and treatment plan. What Are The Symptoms Of Food Intolerance? Food intolerance symptoms can vary from person to person depending on the specific food that caused the reaction. Some common symptoms include: Digestive problems like gas, bloating, abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, or constipation  Skin problems such as hives, eczema, or rash Breathing problems like congestion, runny nose, or sneezing Headaches and migraines Fatigue and low energy Irritability and mood swings Joint and muscle pain Difficulty concentrating It is important to note that food intolerances can cause symptoms unrelated to the digestive system, such as headaches or joint pain. In addition, symptoms may not appear immediately after eating the food in question and may take several days to manifest. These symptoms are not life-threatening and should not be confused with food allergies. Food allergies can cause immediate and severe reactions, such as anaphylaxis, that requires immediate medical attention. Millions of people suffer from food intolerances each year. This can include anything from a minor reaction like nausea and diarrhoea to a potentially fatal allergic reaction. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) may be required in severe food intolerances to help restore breathing and heart function.  During CPR, the patient’s chest is compressed to deliver oxygen and restart the heart. You should contact a registered first aid provider if you do not know how to administer cardiopulmonary resuscitation. What Are the Different Types of Adverse Food Reactions? Food Allergy and Food Intolerance are two different types of adverse reactions to food. To differentiate between the two, let’s examine the differences: Immune-Mediated (Food Allergy) Immune-Mediated (Food Intolerance) A food allergy is an immune system response to a food protein that the body mistakenly deems harmful Food intolerance is a reaction of the digestive system to food that is difficult for the body to digest Symptoms appear quickly, usually within minutes or hours of eating the food you’re allergic to Symptoms may be delayed and may be less pronounced May cause serious reactions such as anaphylaxis May include gastrointestinal symptoms such as bloating, gas, and diarrhoea Diagnosis by skin prick test, blood test, or oral food Diagnosis by elimination diet or food challenge test Treatment includes completely avoiding allergic foods and carrying adrenaline (injectable medication) in an emergency Treatment may include removing harmful foods from the diet or using special supplements It’s important to remember that some food reactions result from a mixture of variables. In contrast, others result from an underlying medical condition. If you think you are having a food reaction, you should see a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment. Immune-Mediated (primary food allergy) can be further classified as follows: IgE-mediated food allergy:  The immune system produces specific antibodies called immunoglobulin E (IgE) in response to an allergenic food. The most common example of this type of allergy is a peanut allergy, in which the individual’s immune system produces IgE antibodies against peanut protein. Upon contact with peanuts, these IgE antibodies bind to cells called mast cells and basophils, causing them to release inflammatory chemicals like histamine. Symptoms appear quickly, often minutes to an hour after eating the allergenic food and can include hives, swelling, and anaphylaxis. Non-IgE food allergy: The immune system produces other types of antibodies or immune cells in response to allergic food. For example, with cow’s milk protein allergy, the individual’s immune system produces antibodies such as IgG or IgA in response to the cow’s milk protein. These reactions do not involve the release of histamine, and symptoms may be delayed, such as eczema, colic, and gastrointestinal symptoms (vomiting and diarrhoea). Mixed IgE and non-IgE mediated food allergy: As the name suggests, it combines IgE-mediated and non-IgE-mediated food allergies. Some individuals with a peanut allergy may have both immediate symptoms, such as hives, and delayed symptoms, such as eczema. Cell-mediated food allergy: These types of allergies are caused by the T cells of the immune system. These reactions are delayed and often take several days to manifest. It’s worth noting that IgE-mediated and non-IgE-mediated food allergies are not mutually exclusive. Some people may experience symptoms that fall into both categories. A trip to the doctor is essential to get a good diagnosis and course of treatment for food allergies. It’s also important to note that some people are susceptible to IgE-mediated and non-IgE-mediated symptoms from their food allergies, classifying them as having a “mixed-type allergy.” Non-Immune Mediated (primary food intolerance) can be further classified as follows: Metabolic food intolerance: Involves the deficiency or dysfunction of enzymes required for the digestion of certain foods. Examples are lactose intolerance when the body lacks the enzyme lactase, which is needed to break down lactose (the sugar found in milk and milk products), and fructose intolerance, when the body cannot fully digest fructose (a sugar found in fruits, vegetables, and honey).  Pharmacological food intolerance: Involves a reaction to a pharmacologically active food or food additive rather than an immune response. MSG symptom complex describes the adverse reactions some people have to monosodium glutamate (MSG), such as headache, flushing, perspiration, face pressure or tightness, numbness, dizziness, and palpitations. MSG is a flavour enhancer in various processed foods and several Asian cuisines. Toxic food

Gluten Allergies: What To Do In Case Of Gluten Exposure?

gluten allergy

Gluten Allergies: What To Do In Case Of Gluten Exposure? If you have hives, a rash, stomach pain, or your nose becomes blocked or runny after eating cereal, bread, or pasta, you may have a gluten intolerance, a common condition that affects many individuals. If you suffer from celiac disease or non-celiac gluten sensitivity, you have undoubtedly had at least one “glutening” incident in your life. Glutening is defined as accidentally consuming gluten and subsequently having gluten-related symptoms. These symptoms could appear suddenly (within minutes). In other circumstances, you may not notice symptoms of a reaction for several days after consuming gluten. It doesn’t take much gluten to make this happen. A very small amount—possibly even smaller than the eye can see—could cause a variety of physiological effects. In general, if you come from a family with allergies or allergic disorders such as asthma or eczema, you are more likely to acquire an allergy to any food, including wheat. You are more likely to acquire a food allergy if both of your parents have allergies than if only one parent has allergies. What Triggers Gluten Allergy Bread, pasta, and other wheat-containing foods Nonfood products containing wheat-based components, such as Play-Doh, cosmetics, and bath products Gluten Allergy Symptoms Hives or a rash on the skin Nausea, stomach pains, indigestion, vomiting, or diarrhea are all possible symptoms. Runny or stuffy nose Sneezing Headaches Asthma Anaphylaxis (rare) is a potentially fatal reaction that can limit breathing and put the body into shock. This condition can be controlled through correct first aid While the symptoms of a gluten allergy are usually moderate, in some cases, they can be severe and even fatal, demanding a diagnosis and adequate allergy first aid Celiac Disease Gluten intolerance is comparable in some aspects to celiac disease, a disorder in which consuming gluten produces symptoms. Celiac disease is an inherited autoimmune illness (that runs in the family). An autoimmune disorder is a condition in which the body’s immune system (infection-fighting system) attacks and kills its own tissue. Gluten induces a response in celiac disease that destroys the lining of the small intestine. This lowers the region available for absorbing nearly all nutrients. How Is A Food Allergy Diagnosed Some signs of wheat allergy – stomach cramps, diarrhea, and other gastrointestinal problems — match with those of gluten sensitivity or celiac disease, an autoimmune disorder, so a correct diagnosis is critical. An allergist can identify whether or not an allergy exists. Your allergist will begin by taking a medical history, specifically inquiring about other family members who have allergies or allergic disorders such as asthma or eczema. You are more likely to have food allergies if both of your parents have them. A skin prick test or a blood test can be used to diagnose allergies. A little amount of a wheat protein-containing liquid is applied to the back or forearm, which is then poked with a small, sterile probe to allow the liquid to seep into the skin. If a raised, reddish area appears within 15 to 20 minutes, this could be an indication of an allergy. A blood sample is sent to a laboratory to be tested for the presence of immunoglobulin E antibodies to wheat protein in the blood test. The outcomes are reported numerically. To screen for celiac disease, a blood test that searches for specific antibodies can be utilized. What If The Tests Do Not Give a Definitive Result If these tests are inconclusive, your allergist may recommend an oral food challenge. You will eat modest amounts of wheat under a doctor’s supervision to see if a reaction develops. Because a serious reaction is possible, this test is performed at your allergist’s office or at a food challenge facility with emergency equipment and medication on hand. What Is Gluten Sensitivity? The term “gluten sensitivity” has been used to characterise people who consume gluten and experience symptoms resembling those of celiac disease but who lack the intestinal damage and antibodies associated with celiac disease. Difference Between Gluten Sensitivity And Celiac Disease Because patients with gluten sensitivity do not test positive for celiac disease based on the blood testing and do not exhibit the small intestinal damage seen in those with celiac disease, gluten sensitivity has been clinically acknowledged as being less severe than celiac disease. Additionally, studies have demonstrated that gluten sensitivity does not cause heightened intestinal permeability, sometimes referred to as leaky gut, which is a defining feature of celiac disease. Leaky gut is a biological condition that may occur early in the course of various autoimmune disorders because it allows toxins, microbes, and undigested food proteins to pass through the GI barrier and into the bloodstream. First Aid For Gluten Allergy Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that a gluten allergy can bring on. Some of the symptoms of anaphylaxis may initially resemble those of a less severe reaction, but they can quickly worsen. The individual may have difficulty breathing or may pass out. It’s possible that more than one body part is affected. Anaphylaxis can be fatal if it is not treated. The best way to avoid mishaps is to be prepared by enrolling in a first aid course. Everybody should know the basic first aid techniques to save a person’s life.

Travelling With Asthma And Allergies

travel with allergy

When travelling with asthma and allergies, it’s important to plan and take steps to make your trip as smooth as possible. This may include: Discussing your condition with your doctor Packing necessary medications and Researching your destination for potential triggers It is also important to prepare for emergencies such as an asthma attack or allergic reaction by always having emergency medical care available. It’s also a good idea to let the airline or other travel agency know about your situation so they can help you in an emergency. What Is Asthma? Asthma is a severe lung disease that makes breathing difficult. It is characterised by inflammation and narrowing of the airways. Asthma symptoms include: Wheezing Chest tightness Shortness of breath Coughing, often late at night or early in the morning. Asthma can be triggered by several variables such as: Air pollutants such as smoke, dust and chemical fumes Allergens such as pollen, mould, pet dander and dust mites Irritants, strong odours or perfume Changes in temperature or humidity Physical activity or exercise Stress Viral or bacterial respiratory infection Certain medications, such as beta blockers and aspirin It is important to note that different people can have different asthma triggers, and what triggers an asthma attack in one person may not affect another. Asthma symptoms can be managed effectively with proper treatment, which usually involves inhaling medications such as: Corticosteroids and Bronchodilators These medications help open the airways and reduce inflammation. Asthma can be controlled with the right treatment. In some circumstances, preventing asthma symptoms may also involve using long-term controller medications. In extreme circumstances, quick medication, such as an emergency inhaler, may be needed. Although asthma can be managed with the right medication, it is a chronic condition that requires ongoing attention and monitoring throughout a person’s life. For example, a rescue inhaler may be needed. Asthma can be controlled with proper management, but it is a lifelong condition that requires ongoing care and monitoring. A first aid course is a great way to prepare for any medical emergency. This can be useful, especially if you or someone close to you suffers from an illness such as asthma. Asthma can be a serious condition, and it is important to recognise the symptoms and respond appropriately. Contact a registered first aid provider to learn how to recognise and respond to these symptoms and provide proper care to someone having an asthma attack. What Exactly Are Allergies? Allergies are a common condition in which the immune system overreacts to certain substances, known as allergens, which are usually harmless to most people. Allergens can take many forms, such as: Pollen Mould Dust Pet dander Food Medicines Insect bites, etc. When an allergen is introduced into the body, the immune system incorrectly recognises it as a threat and responds by releasing substances like histamine. These chemicals cause symptoms such as: Sneezing Runny nose Itchy eyes and Skin rashes Some people may also experience more serious symptoms, such as: Difficulty breathing, Nausea, and Vomiting Medication available without a doctor’s prescription or over-the-counter, such as the following, can be used to treat allergic reactions: Antihistamines Nasal sprays Immunotherapy In some cases, avoiding the allergen is the best way to manage symptoms. In some circumstances, preventing asthma symptoms may also involve using long-term controller medications. In extreme circumstances, immediate medication, such as a rescue inhaler, may be needed. Although asthma can be managed with the right medications, it is a chronic condition that requires constant attention and monitoring throughout a person’s life. For example, a rescue inhaler may be needed. Early detection and management of an asthma episode can lessen its intensity and lower the possibility of life-threatening consequences. Suppose the victim of an allergic reaction loses consciousness and you don’t have an EpiPen. In that case, you may need to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Knowing the symptoms of an allergic reaction will allow you to administer first aid and CPR more quickly if needed. It’s crucial to learn CPR from a licensed first aid expert and keep cool in a crisis.Knowing what to do and acting quickly during an allergic response can save a person’s life. It is essential for anyone looking after children and young people to understand the procedures for performing CPR and the importance of being prepared in an emergency. The staff members in an education and care setting must be adequately trained in childcare first aid for CPR. If you want to learn more about childcare first aid, contact a reputable first aid provider. Travel With Asthma Vs Travel With Allergy  Travelling with asthma and allergies requires careful planning and preparation to ensure travellers have a safe and comfortable vacation. However, there are some important differences to consider when preparing for each situation. When travelling with asthma, it is important to: Discuss your travel plans with your doctor and make sure your asthma is well controlled before you go. Pack all necessary medications, such as an inhaler, spacer, and a written prescription. Prepare for unexpected situations like an asthma attack by always carrying emergency medication. Inform the airline or other travel providers of your medical condition so that they can assist you in an emergency. Have an asthma action plan. Stay hydrated and get enough sleep. When travelling with allergies, it is important to: Research your destination and be aware of potential triggers, such as high pollen counts or extreme temperatures. Carry enough medication for the entire trip and extra for emergencies. Carry a written copy of your prescriptions if you lose or run out of medication. Be prepared for unexpected situations and know what to do in case of an allergic reaction. Keep anti-allergy medicine such as antihistamines, nasal sprays, etc. Consult your doctor before travelling. Be aware of possible triggers in your destination. Avoid certain areas with potential triggers. Both conditions require you to be aware of potential triggers at your destination and take steps to protect yourself, such as taking medications or avoiding certain areas. It’s best to

Milk Allergy

cows milk allergy

The immune system’s reaction to one or more milk proteins causes a milk allergy. Milk allergy symptoms can range from very mild to life-threatening. Common symptoms are: Hives, eczema and itching – examples of unwanted skin reactions Symptoms related to the digestive system, such as nausea, bloating or constipation Wheezing, stuffy nose and other breathing problems Anaphylaxis – a potentially fatal allergic reaction Is Vegan Food Always Free Of Dairy And Eggs? Vegan food does not contain animal products, including meat, dairy products, or eggs. This indicates that vegan food is always free of dairy derived from mammals such as cows, goats, sheep, and eggs derived from hens. However, some processed foods can hold the label “vegan,” even though they may contain trace amounts of dairy or eggs among their ingredients. It is vital to check the labels for ingredients and for vegan certifications to know if a product is vegan. It is crucial to read the contents list when purchasing products that claim to be vegan, such as plant-based milk, meat, etc. Another issue with vegan meals is the potential for cross-contamination. There are a lot of processed foods that don’t necessarily contain any animal products. Still, they can be made in the same facility as dairy or eggs. In light of this, you should also look for the phrases “dairy-free” or “egg-free” in addition to the word “vegan” on product labels. In a nutshell, vegan food does not include any goods derived from animals and does not exclude dairy or eggs. However, in reality, there is a potential for cross-contamination or additives like casein etc., with processed meals. Thus it is vital to examine the ingredient list and certifications to be sure a food is genuinely vegan. What Does The Australian Vegan Logo Certify? When you see the Vegan Australia Certified logo on a product, you can be sure that it satisfies the rigorous criteria for vegan products established by Vegan Australia.  These criteria include: Being free of animal products Not having been tested on animals, and  Not having any animal products used in the manufacturing process Suppose the item was manufactured in a facility that also processes animal products. In that case, the maker will have taken all precautions possible to prevent the product from becoming contaminated with animal proteins. Cow’s Milk And Egg Allergy Cow’s milk and egg allergies are both common food allergies; however, they differ in several ways:   Cow’s Milk Allergy Egg Allergy Prevalence More Common Less Common Allergens Milk Proteins Egg Proteins Symptoms Hives, eczema, stomach upset, vomiting, difficulty breathing Hives, eczema, stomach upset, vomiting, difficulty breathing Cross-Reactivity Yes Yes Outgrowing the allergy Possible Possible Products to avoid Dairy products, hidden sources of cow’s milk proteins Egg-containing products, hidden sources of egg proteins It is crucial to note that the above table is only a basic guideline; each person’s reaction to cow’s milk and egg may vary. To discover if you can tolerate cow’s milk or eggs, it’s always better to contact a healthcare professional for accurate diagnosis and treatment and complete a strict elimination diet or food challenge test supervised by an allergy. What Are The Symptoms Of Cows Milk Allergy in Adults? Over two per cent of infants in Australia and New Zealand suffer from an allergy to cow’s milk. There is a spectrum of severity associated with allergic reactions. After consuming cow’s milk, quick-onset allergy reactions often manifest within 15 minutes. Still, they can sometimes last for up to two hours. Symptoms ranging from mild to moderate include swelling of the lips, face, and eyes, hives or welts on the skin, stomach (abdominal) pain, and vomiting. Cow’s milk can cause severe allergic responses, known medically as anaphylaxis, which can be potentially fatal. Symptoms of anaphylaxis include difficult or noisy breathing, wheezing or a persistent cough, and swelling or tightness in the throat. In small children, they may appear pale and flaccid. In most cases, delayed allergy reactions don’t manifest themselves until at least two hours after ingesting cow’s milk. This could result in several symptoms, including an increase in eczema (rashes), delayed vomiting, and diarrhoea; however, anaphylaxis is not one of these symptoms. Not all reactions to cow’s milk can be traced back to an allergy to the protein in cow’s milk. Lactose intolerance, on the other hand, does not result in hives or anaphylaxis but can still produce reactions in certain people. Some individuals who are allergic to cow’s milk may be able to accept cow’s milk that has been baked or cooked, such as in muffins, cakes, or biscuits. It would help if you discussed this with your clinical immunology or allergy specialist. Cow’s Milk Allergy Foods To Avoid If you have a milk allergy, avoid foods that include milk or its derivatives. People with a milk allergy should avoid all types of milk, including whole, skimmed, and low-fat milk. Dairy products containing milk, such as cheese, butter, yoghurt, ice cream and sour cream, should be avoided. Avoid foods that contain milk, such as pastries, pancakes, waffles, and cereal. Avoid processed foods that contain milk proteins, such as deli meats, sausages, and canned soups. Avoid margarine, which may contain milk protein ingredients. Non-dairy products such as creamer, coffee bleach and whipped toppings should be avoided because they may contain milk protein. Certain brands of soy, rice, and almond milk should be avoided because they may be cross-contaminated with milk proteins during processing. Avoid medications and supplements that may contain milk protein ingredients. What Protein And Components In Cow’s Milk Can Trigger An Allergic Reaction Cow’s milk contains several proteins and other components that can trigger an allergic reaction in sensitive people. The two main proteins in cow’s milk responsible for most allergic reactions are: Casein is a phosphoprotein that makes up about 80% of the protein in cow’s milk. It is used in many processed foods, including cheese, ice cream, and infant formula. Whey protein makes up about 20% of the protein in cow’s milk. It

First Aid For Asthma And Anaphylaxis

first aid asthma and anaphylaxis

First Aid For Asthma And Anaphylaxis According to the Asthma Australia report (2021-22), over 2.7 million Australians suffer from asthma. In percentage terms, this amounts to about 11% of the total Australian population. One of Australia’s most prevalent chronic diseases, asthma, strikes people of all ages, including children. According to the National Allergy Council, Australia has one of the world’s highest allergy rates. Anaphylaxis can occur at any age, but it is more prevalent in children. It is essential to remember that these are only estimates, and the number of individuals afflicted with asthma and anaphylaxis may differ. But what exactly are Asthma and Anaphylaxis? Let’s get familiar with the symptoms of asthma and anaphylaxis and learn how to handle these situations safely and effectively. What Is Asthma? Asthma is a chronic respiratory disorder characterised by airway inflammation and constriction. Symptoms include wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and a tight feeling in the chest because it makes the airways hypersensitive and easily inflamed. A wide range of environmental and internal factors and some drugs have been linked to asthma attacks. The disorder is chronic and incurable. However, it can be controlled with medication and avoiding flare-ups. What Is Anaphylaxis? Anaphylaxis is the most extreme form of an allergic reaction and can be fatal. The quick onset of symptoms, typically within minutes to hours of contact with an allergen. Allergies can cause many uncomfortable symptoms, including welts, swelling, wheezing, and a racing heart.  Allergens can trigger anaphylaxis, including those found in food, medication, and insect bites. Due to the seriousness of the situation, epinephrine and other drugs must be administered without delay, and the patient must be closely monitored. Difference Between Asthma And Anaphylaxis Asthma and anaphylaxis are two conditions that can severely impact a person’s daily life. Even though they are connected somehow, they are not the same. It is essential to clearly understand the distinction between the two in the event of any emergency. Here are some of these differences: Asthma First Aid Warning Signs If you suffer any of the symptoms listed below, follow your asthma action plan. Start with asthma first aid if you don’t have an asthma action plan or if you’re assisting someone suffering an asthma attack. Don’t wait for your asthma to worsen. What Are The Steps Of First Aid For Asthma? When someone has an asthma attack, it is essential to provide the right care to prevent further complications. The following measures are included in the first aid treatment for asthma: Maintain your composure and offer reassurance to the person with an asthma attack. Assist the individual in sitting up straight and giving them their inhaler, if they have one. Emergency services should be called immediately if the person cannot use an inhaler or if the attack is severe. Check the person’s breathing and pulse, and look for signs of worsening symptoms such as trouble speaking, rapid heartbeat, and blue lips or fingernails. If you have access to oxygen, give it to them, and if a nebuliser is available, use it on them. Give them another dose if the person’s condition doesn’t improve after using the inhaler or nebuliser. Keep an eye on the patient’s condition and stay with them until help arrives. If the person loses consciousness, call 000 and begin CPR if you are certified.  Consult a licensed first aid provider if you do not know how to conduct CPR. In an emergency, always seek the counsel of a skilled medical practitioner, and keep in mind that these are only guidelines. Signs That You Need To Use Anaphylaxis First Aid Anaphylaxis is a severe, sometimes fatal allergic reaction that can occur abruptly and unexpectedly. It can be triggered by anything from an insect bite or sting to a food item or medication. It is crucial to administer First aid promptly to someone experiencing anaphylaxis. If not addressed promptly, this ailment might prove fatal. Therefore, it is crucial to recognise the symptoms of anaphylaxis to administer First aid if required. Some several signs and symptoms can indicate anaphylaxis, but the most prevalent ones are: Signs Explanation Hives or itching on the skin It is one of the most typical anaphylaxis symptoms. This can occur anywhere on the body and manifest as raised, red, or itchy bumps on the skin. Wheezing Anaphylaxis is frequently characterised by wheezing, a high-pitched whistling sound made when breathing. Dull and saggy appearance Young children may appear lifeless and saggy during an anaphylactic reaction because they are unable to communicate and their bodies are being affected by the reaction. Swelling A severe allergic reaction can cause these areas to become swollen, making it difficult to breathe.The face, lips, tongue, and throat are susceptible to anaphylaxis-related swelling. Changes in voice quality (hoarseness, difficulty speaking, difficulty breathing) can result from this. Breathing problems Anaphylaxis can cause the airways to constrict, making it difficult to get enough air into the lungs. Rapid heartbeat or pulse The body’s reaction to an allergen can cause the heart rate to increase rapidly. Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhoea These symptoms can occur as a result of the body’s reaction to the allergen. Dizziness or fainting Anaphylaxis can cause a drop in blood pressure, leading to dizziness or fainting. Unconsciousness Anaphylaxis can, in severe cases, result in a person losing consciousness or experiencing seizures. This is a medical emergency that needs to be treated right away. Awareness of changes in the person’s condition or symptoms is crucial because not all symptoms will manifest in every person and can vary in intensity and duration. And, if there is even the least suspicion of an anaphylactic reaction, seek medical assistance immediately. How To Be Prepared For Severe Allergic Reactions (anaphylaxis) It’s important to take the following precautions if you’re prone to a severe allergic reaction: Maintain an Anaphylaxis ASCIA Emergency Action Plan. Keep a mobile phone on hand to make emergency calls. Always be prepared to treat an extreme allergic reaction by keeping an adrenaline injector (EpiPen) on

Pollen Season And Asthma In Australia

pollen season

Pollen is a fine yellow powder transferred from plant to plant by birds, insects, wind, and other animals. Pollen spreading supports plant growth but can be miserable for those sensitive to it during particular periods of the year. People who are sensitive to pollen may have symptoms like these when exposed to pollen in the air: Wheezing Throat itching Sneezing and nasal congestion Discharge from the nose Watery, itchy eyes The Australian pollen season, particularly in Sydney, is a mystical experience. The city is transformed into a picturesque scene of golden pollen each spring. The fragrance of newly opened flowers fills the air, adding to the sense of beauty and peace. Even though pollen might be a problem for many with allergies, spring is a time of celebration and happiness. What Is Pollen Allergy? One of the most common kinds of allergy is an allergy to pollen, also known as hay fever. Pollen allergies affect the lives of tens of thousands of people worldwide. Pollen allergies develop when the body’s immune system wrongly identifies the harmless substance as a harmful intruder. Allergy symptoms are more common during times of the year when certain types of pollen are more prevalent, which is why sufferers can often predict when their symptoms will strike. Pollen Allergy can be diagnosed with the help of allergy tests, a thorough physical examination, and a study of the patient’s medical record. How Does Pollen Affect People Who Suffer From Asthma? Asthma sufferers often experience an attack after being exposed to pollen from trees and grasses. A person’s asthma or hay fever symptoms may worsen or flare up. Pollen has several effects on those who suffer from asthma, including the following: Pollen is a common allergen that causes allergic reactions in Asthmatics, including a runny nose, itchy eyes, and sneezing. Pollen can cause edema and inflammation in the airways due to irritation of the airway lining. This can make it more difficult to take a deep breath, triggering an asthma attack. Asthmatics may experience worsened symptoms when seasonal pollen counts are higher. During spring, tree pollen is more common than grass pollen, and vice versa during the summer. If you have any questions concerning first aid for people with asthma, you should speak with a certified first aid provider. How Do I Prevent Pollen Reactions? Living with a pollen allergy can be hard, but you can control your symptoms if you know what to do. The key is to stay as far away from pollen as possible. In spring and summer, pollen can worsen asthma and hay fever, so it’s important to keep taking your asthma and hay fever medicines as prescribed. In addition to this, take into consideration the following: You should always have painkillers on hand, even if you don’t want to If your asthma symptoms worsen, review your written Asthma Action Plan to ensure you know what to do. This will help you be ready for an asthma attack that gets worse Take extra precautions on days with high pollen counts If you have hay fever or asthma, it’s important to know when there are high pollen levels in the air. Use an app or website for pollen monitoring to track how much pollen you are exposed to daily Keep your windows and doors closed on days when there is a lot of pollen. It’s easy to bring pollen from outside into the house. Keep your air conditioner on “recirculate” so it doesn’t bring pollen in from outside. Grass Pollen Allergy When a person’s immune system reacts negatively to grass pollen, it is called a grass allergy (as well as trees, plants and some weeds). Wind can easily carry grass pollen to new areas. Pollen is the culprit behind allergic rhinitis (known as “hay fever”) and asthma attacks triggered by thunderstorms. Native Australian grasses are less likely to trigger allergic reactions than exotic or lawn kinds brought in from abroad. How Grass And Pollen Affect Us, And What Can We Do About It? Allergic reactions to grass and pollen can significantly impact our day-to-day lives. Sneezing, watery or itchy eyes, and even skin rash are some of the signs and symptoms that allergic reactions to grass and pollen can bring on. These allergies can be inconvenient and hazardous if not addressed appropriately. That is why it is critical to recognise the symptoms of grass and pollen allergies and take steps to prevent or cure them. If you believe grass and pollen are impacting you, examine and do the following to lessen the likelihood of an allergic reaction to pollen: Keeping a record of your symptoms, including when and how severe they are, this might aid in diagnosing and treating your disease. You can use this data with your healthcare provider to identify trends and triggers To reduce pollen in your home and vehicle, keep the windows closed If you suspect grass and pollen are causing you problems, consult your doctor. They can help you determine whether you have allergies and advise on how to address your symptoms Spending as little time outside as possible is recommended on days with high pollen counts, especially between 5 to 10 a.m. and 4 to 9 p.m. Keep an eye on the pollen count statistics for your area. You can use apps and websites that monitor and count daily pollen, such as the website that anticipates pollen. If pollen levels are high, you may be more likely to develop symptoms Wearing a mask can help reduce the quantity of pollen and other allergens that come into contact with your skin If you want to know if you are allergic to grass and pollen, your healthcare provider may recommend allergy testing Another alternative is to shower and change into clean clothes as soon as possible after coming in from the outdoors to avoid introducing pollen indoors If you have pollen allergies, you should avoid tasks or occupations that expose you to high pollen levels, such as mowing the grass

Why Nut Allergies Can Lead To A Quick Death

Nut Allergies

Defining Nut Allergies Nut allergies develop when the body’s immune system becomes over-sensitive to a specific protein. Exposure to the protein, even in minute amounts, causes a total body allergic reaction that can become fatal if First Aid treatment is not immediately given. Nuts are one of the most common triggers for anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis is the severe reaction that all allergies trigger in the immune system and, left untreated, can result in death. Thankfully, with the right First Aid and treatment, most lives can be saved before disaster strikes. What Is The Protein In Nuts Causing The Problem? According to Science Direct: “The reported prevalence of tree nut allergy is up to 4.9% worldwide. The general term “tree nuts” comprises a number of nuts, seeds, and drupes, derived from trees from different botanical families. For hazelnut and walnut, several allergens have been identified which are already partly applied in component resolved diagnosis, while for other tree nuts such as macadamia, coconut, and Brazil nut, only individual allergens were identified, and data on additional allergenic proteins are missing. • Hazelnuts, walnuts, pecans, and cashews are potent sources of allergenic proteins. • The majority of tree nut allergens belong to the families of 2S albumins, vicilins, legumins, and nsLTPs. • Bet v 1 homologues and profilins are associated with mild symptoms (pollen food syndrome). • nsLTPs and seed storage proteins are related to severe reactions. • High sequence identity within protein families is indicative for clinical cross-reactivity.” Increasing Nut Allergy Prevalence Nut allergies are becoming increasingly more prevalent in children globally with each passing generation, and the exact cause and reason for that is unknown. There are multiple theories, some of which have been debunked and some of which are still being researched heavily. The predisposition to blame genetics is common but unfounded as many new cases in children occur in families that have never had nut allergies in their bloodline or family tree.  We are then left to ask what is going on with genetic modification of natural foods, what are the pharmaceutical companies putting into our medications, vitamins and foods that open previously closed doors to the frighteningly increased and rising number of people with nut allergies. According to Heath Direct Australia’s nut allergy website:   “About 1 in 5 children with a nut allergy will need emergency medical attention at some point. Very sensitive people can have a reaction if they are exposed to tiny traces of nuts: for example, through eating, breathing or simply touching a nut. About 2 in 100 people have a nut allergy. Nut allergy is most common in infants and young children but sometimes appears for the first time in adults. About 3 in 100 infants have a peanut allergy. About 1 in 5 of these will grow out of it, but the rest are likely to have peanut allergy into adulthood. About 1 in 3 people with a nut allergy are allergic to both peanuts and tree nuts, such as almonds, macadamia nuts and cashews.” Clarification On What Is A Nut And What Is A Seed Peanuts, Pine nuts and Coconuts are not nuts! They are all seeds.   Peanuts are a legume that grows on a shrub underground in a similar way to potatoes. You can be allergic to peanuts but be able to eat all of the tree nuts. You can be allergic to tree nuts and be able to eat peanuts. The two can be mutually exclusive of each other or go hand-in-hand. Having an allergy to one specific nut does not mean that you are allergic to ALL nuts. Pine nuts are a seed of the pine tree, and allergies to them are also as rare as hen’s teeth, even in people with known nut allergies. A nut is defined as a one-seeded fruit, and a coconut is a fruit without seeds. The coconut flesh is itself the seed that germinates to grow a new coconut tree. However, despite the fact that a coconut is not a true nut, it is often labelled in the same family. Allergies to coconut flesh are exceptionally rare. Contact dermatitis is slightly more likely from the husk but still rarer than hen’s teeth. A true nut, such as the acorn or cashew, is indehiscent or does not open at maturity to release its seeds. People can be allergic to different types of nuts. The most common ones are tree nuts like almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews, hazelnuts, macadamia nuts, pecans, pistachios, and walnuts. What Causes A Nut Allergy? Debate rages across the scientific sector. It is believed but not proven that children can become sensitised to nuts through breast milk, close contact with people who eat a lot of nuts, or skin massage with oils containing nut protein. Not that many baby products contain nut proteins. Certainly, none of the big commercial companies admit to it on their manufacturing list of content ingredients, except for the small indie, natural product lines solely dedicated to using only natural ingredients. Vaccinations are another widely held source up for scrutiny as to being the source of the global increase in human resistance to a host of formerly negligible allergies across the board. As with any debate, it depends on who funds the research as to the result they get, and both sides claim proof that debunks the other. Eggs are routinely used to conduct experiments and culture viruses and vaccines and have been linked correlatively to the rise in allergies to egg products globally. Another theory is that society consumes and uses nuts in more products than ever. This rise in the trend to use nuts in foods and products that do not normally contain them may be a correlative cause for the rise in nut allergies. What Are The Symptoms Of A Nut Allergy? A mild allergic reaction to nuts still puts you at risk of anaphylaxis in the future. A mild reaction to nuts may cause the following symptoms: Anaphylaxis symptoms include: Anaphylaxis is potentially life-threatening

Autoinjector Epi-Pen Instructions

autoinjector Epi Pen

Adrenaline in the form of epinephrine is the first line of treatment for a person having an allergic emergency called anaphylaxis.